After his baptism, Philippe was put in the care of Françoise de Souvré, marquise de Lansac, who also looked after his older brother, in 1643 succeeded by Marie-Catherine de Senecey. Louis XIII had wanted to give the infant the title Count of Artois in honour of a recent French victory in Arras within the county of Artois. She became renowned for her brusque candour, upright character, and lack of vanity. At the time of Philippe's death in 1701, the estate of Saint Cloud covered some 1,200 acres (4.9 km2). Por último, Monsieur fue, como se ha dicho, un gran mecenas, no solo por su generosidad sino por su gusto refinadísimo y experto. Fue asimismo el responsable de la construcción del canal de Orleans, la cual financió, y la ampliación y embellecimiento del Chateaû de Saint-Cloud (del que solo quedan los jardines) y del Palais-Royal. Pese a su innegable coraje en el combate, Luis XIV no le dejó ningún margen de maniobra ni le concedió poder alguno. [23] As a young man, Philippe would dress up and attend balls and parties in female attire, for example, dressed as a shepherdess. From birth, Philippe was second in line to the throne of France and was entitled to the style of Royal Highness.[1]. The child seems to be in excellent health". In later life, Philippe was thus able to maintain his lavish lifestyle easily, and he found much satisfaction in the activities of his children and grandchildren. 01-nov-2020 - Explora el tablero de Luz Toval "ORLEANS" en Pinterest. Hijo del duque Luis Felipe II de Orleans (llamado Felipe Igualdad), y de Luisa María Adelaida de Borbón Penthievre, manifestó en su juventud gran entusiasmo por los ideales de la Revolución Francesa, y perteneció al club de los jacobinos hasta fines del año 1791, en que fue destinado a mandar un regimiento. Later in 1658, Philippe made his most significant purchase, the Château de Saint-Cloud, a building about 10 kilometres west of Paris. El Rey Sol lo mantuvo apartado del poder durante toda su vida. Philippe was hailed for his skill as a military commander, much to the annoyance of his brother, the king. [61] She subsequently died between the hours of two and three in the morning of 30 June 1670 at the age of 26. There were also rumours at court that Philippe in fact had a mistress[30] and had shown an interest in the Duchess of Mercœur, Mazarin's niece. Louis XIV sent him some 25,000 footsoldiers and 9,000 cavalry from Cambrai under the command of Marshal Luxembourg. Her letters record how willingly she gave up sharing Philippe's bed at his request after their children's births and how unwillingly she quietly endured the presence of his male favourites in their household. Ostentó numerosos títulos, entre los que cabe destacar los de duque de Orleans, duque de Anjou (1668), duque de Chartres (hasta el nacimiento de su hijo y heredero el futuro regente en 1674), duque de Valois, duque de Nemours, duque de Montpensier y príncipe de Joinville. [69] Known as Liselotte within her family, she was the only daughter of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine, and his estranged wife Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel. The Chevalier de Lorraine died impoverished in 1702. Philippe complained to his mother about the intimacy that Louis and Henrietta displayed, which led Queen Anne to reprimand both son and daughter-in-law. [79] The campaign marked the end of his military career; he soon immersed himself once again in a life of pleasure. Tras la muerte de su tío Gastón en 1660, Felipe se había convertido en duque de Orleans. Si Felipe I de Orleans ha pasado a la historia no ha sido por ostentar el ducado de Orleans, sino por ser el hermano menor de Luis XIV, el Rey Sol. Alexandre Louis died, however, in 1676. [cita requerida]. However, Louis respected tradition and gave him the title of Duke of Anjou instead, a title commonly granted to the younger sons of French kings since the fourteenth century. Having returned to France at the end of June 1670, Henrietta had to endure Philippe's blatant spite[61] for her part in the Chevalier's exile and her secret mission to Dover. Luis XIV acabó alejándolo de la Corte (tanto por la voluntad de su hermano, como por el escándalo que provocaban los avances de Guiche ante Enriqueta Ana, a su vez cortejada por el propio Rey...). Tras la muerte de su tío Gastón de Orleans, hermano de Luis XIII de Francia, se convirtió en el cabeza de la casa de Orleans al heredar el patrimonio de este, entre el que se encontraba el ducado que le representó durante el resto de su vida, pasando a la historia como Felipe, Duque de Orleans o Felipe I de Orleans. He also became prince of Joinville, count of Dourdan, Mortain and Bar-sur-Seine and viscount of Auge and Domfront. The canal, used to transport goods from Orléans to Paris, was a great success in its time[86] and is still used widely today. The pretext seems to have been the behaviour of Chartres in parading his mistress Mademoiselle de Séry in view of his wife. Anne was now in full control of her children, something she had been vying for since their birth. [100] The court was devastated and his old friend, Louis XIV's discarded mistress Madame de Montespan, was also greatly affected, the two having been very close.[105]. During the conflict, the royal family was obliged to flee Paris on the night of 9 February 1651[14] for the safety of Saint-Germain-en-Laye[15] in order to avoid a revolt by the nobility against Mazarin. Having already established himself as a successful military commander during the War of Devolution in 1667, Philippe was eager to return to the field. [90] The two were married in 1697 and became the parents of Louis XV. [78] He was presumably jealous of Philippe's growing popularity at court as well as on the battlefield. Sin embargo, el amor indiscutible desde la década de los 60 hasta el fin de la vida de Felipe de Orleans fue Felipe de Lorena, conocido como el Caballero de Lorena. Louis XIV himself looked for a second wife for Philippe, who was eager to have a male heir to continue the Orléans line.
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