Daytoy nga artikulo a mainaig iti relihion ket pungol. Pope Urban II (Latin: Urbanus II; c. 1035 – 29 July 1099), otherwise known as Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery,[2][A] was the head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 12 March 1088 to his death. However, whereas the three former letters were concerned with rallying popular support for the Crusades, and establishing the objectives, his letters to the Catalonian lords instead beseech them to continue the fight against the Moors, assuring them that doing so would offer the same divine rewards as a conflict against the Seljuks. Let those who have been fighting against their brothers and relatives now fight in a proper way against the barbarians. Moreover, Christ commands it.[25]. [35] In 1098 these were extraordinary prerogatives that Popes were withholding from temporal sovereigns elsewhere in Europe and that later led to bitter confrontations with Roger's Hohenstaufen heirs. Urban II's own letter to the Flemish confirms that he granted "remission of all their sins" to those undertaking the enterprise to liberate the eastern churches. Let those who go not put off the journey, but rent their lands and collect money for their expenses; and as soon as winter is over and spring comes, let them eagerly set out on the way with God as their guide.[25]. Su nombre Odón de Chantillon. All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission of sins. Let therefore hatred depart from among you, let your quarrels end, let wars cease, and let all dissensions and controversies slumber. Pope Leo XIII beatified him on 14 July 1881. Cowdrey, "Pope Urban II's Preaching of the First Crusade,". When the venerable Roman pontiff heard that, [he] said: "Most beloved brethren, today is manifest in you what the Lord says in the Gospel, 'Where two or three are gathered together in my name there am I in the midst of them.' Usually kept away from Rome,[11] Urban toured northern Italy and France. Behold! For, although the cry issued from numerous mouths, yet the origin of the cry was one. Papa Urbano II consacra l'altare del monastero di Cluny in cui fu priore prima di diventare papa. Desiderius, the abbot of Monte Cassino, was chosen to follow Gregory in 1085 but, after his short reign as Victor III, Odo was elected by acclamation at a small meeting of cardinals and other prelates held in Terracina in March 1088. Alla morte di Gregorio VII venne eletto però Desiderio, abate di Montecassino, che prese il nome di Vittore III. Fue prior del monasterio benedictino de Cluny desde 1073. on this side will be the sorrowful and poor, on that, the rich; on this side, the enemies of the Lord, on that, his friends. [36][37], 11th century pope and initiator of the Crusades, Key Figures in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia - Page 641, Kleinhenz, Ch.Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBecker1:24–90 (. Urban, baptized Eudes (Odo), was born to a family of Châtillon-sur-Marne. While Robert the Monk says so,[27] it is also possible that the slogan was created as a catchy propaganda motto afterwards. This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 18:25. Louise and Johnathan Riley-Smith, London 1981, 37–40. He was among the three whom Gregory VII nominated as papabile (possible successors). Urban II: Speech at Council of Clermont, 1095, Five versions of the Speech, Five versions of his speech for the First Crusade, Medieval Lands Project on Eudes de Châtillon, Bishop of Ostia, Pope Urban II, the son of Milon the seigneur of Châtillon in the 11th century, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Urban_II&oldid=987387898, Wikipedia articles with style issues from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pope Urban was concerned that the focus on the east and Jerusalem would neglect the fight in Spain. sobrevivió, Urbano II, antaño papa desposeído y a la fuga, había logrado ser reconocido por la mayoría de la Cristiandad, aunque su dominio sobre Roma aún fuera harto precario. In the letters to Bologna and Vallombrosa he refers to the crusaders' desire to set out for Jerusalem rather than to his own desire that Jerusalem be freed from Muslim rule. Dagiti akinruar a silpo. (The ban was repeatedly lifted and reimposed as the king promised to forswear her and then repeatedly returned to her. He was one of the most prominent and active supporters of the Gregorian reforms, especially as legate in the Holy Roman Empire in 1084. En 1080 Gregorio VII le nombró obispo cardenal de Ostia y en 1084 fue delegado del pontífice en Alemania. El Papa Urbano II fue conocido por comenzar el Movimiento de las Cruzadas, instigando con su llamado a las armas en el Consejo de Clermont. Coincidentally or not, Fulcher of Chartres's version of Urban's speech makes no explicit reference to Jerusalem. 1101. [3][4] Reims was the nearby cathedral school where Odo began his studies in 1050. Fulcher of Chartres has Urban saying this: I, or rather the Lord, beseech you as Christ's heralds to publish this everywhere and to persuade all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile race from the lands of our friends. Others believe that Urban saw this as an opportunity to gain legitimacy as the pope as at the time he was contending with the antipope Clement III. He facilitated the marriage of Matilda, countess of Tuscany, with Welf II, duke of Bavaria. [24] It is Urban II's own letters, rather than the paraphrased versions of his speech at Clermont, that reveal his actual thinking about crusading. It was believed that originally that Urban wanted to send a relatively small force to aid the Byzantines, however after meeting with two prominent members of the crusades Adhemar of Puy and Raymond of Saint-Guilles, Urban decided to rally a much larger force to retake Jerusalem. Urban received vital support in his conflict with the Byzantine Empire, Romans and the Holy Roman Empire from the Norman of Campania and Sicily.
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