Certain parts of the excavations can also be admired in the National Museum in San Jose. When you travel to Costa Rica’s Central Valley, you can be part of an ancient mystery. From Cartago, Guayabo is 40 kilometers away and you can reach it in an hour. One mound in particular, Mound 1, stands out as it is the largest one of this culture and it is located in the center of the village. Take advantage of the educational opportunities and also visit other nearby sites like the Guayabo butterfly farm. The 8-shaped mounds are unique to Guayabo and show a culture that is highly refined and experimental in its city building. Most of the site consists of the circular mounds that the conical wooden structures were once built on. These were probably guardhouses that flank the road at this point and would have controlled access to the settlement. The central market is lodged in the middle of a long, central lane leading up to the chief’s residence. Researchers still to this day have not found any sign of why people might have left. Unlike sone other sites in Costa Rica, here the tourists only pay 5 USD for the entrance ticket. There are a couple of smaller hills to climb along the way and there is a special trail that is wheelchair accessible. With Costa Rica being the most environmental conscious country in the world, it is not a surprise that they want to keep it clean. Today all that remains is an archaeological site that both intrigues and inspires. [3] After ascending the stairs next to the center mound, visitors would have been greeted by a matching pair of structures, rectangular in shape. This is Guayabo Lodge on the slopes of the active Turrialba Volcano. The smoking Turrialba Volcano to the North, the valley with the town of Turrialba and the Angostura lake to the South; Santa Cruz and the Caribbean to the … One can hike around the trails and observed the structures or tour it with a professional guide. Guayabo National Monument is a great day trip and when you are staying in San Jose or Cartago, you should definitely hit the road and go there. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. There is an abundance of fauna and flora and if you are lucky, you might be able to spot some wildlife like coatis, toucans and armadillos amongst the dense foliage. Guayabo district location in Costa Rica. It has been estimated that there were about 10,000 people who were residents. They come here to buy fruits and vegetables as well as locally crafted produce like cheeses, but they also drop by for a visit and to catch up on what’s new in the area. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by … When you arrive at the ranger station, you will be met by the park ranger who takes great pride out of protecting this historical site. [4][5], Following an 1891 excavation of a cemetery, near over 100 artifacts were displayed at the 1892 Historical American Exposition in Madrid and then much of the display was taken to the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. Although, there is speculation that it might have had to do with something like disease or rival civilizations. [6] Today, The site is open to the public daily and is a tourist attraction. The people of Guayabo were known to be well aware of good engineering, which can be assumed by their use of aqueducts. Guayabo has an area of 8.99 km² and an elevation of 996 metres. This national park is close to the city of Cartago and very easy to reach from San Jose. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. To be more specific, the magnitude of the known part of the site, presumed to be its central portion, consists of 43 stone foundations, three aqueducts, two major roadways, dozens of smaller paths, and some stone tombs. If you are staying in San Jose, the archaeological treasure is about 65 kilometers away. Some of the most prevalent explorers throughout the history of excavating for this site include Anastacio Alfaro, Carlos Aguilar, Oscar Fonseca, and Sergio Chávez. As to why they disappeared, it is still not known. It was initially populated beginning in about 1000 BCE, in the time of Israel’s King David, and then abandoned in 1400 CE, a century before the Spanish arrived, for reasons that remain a mystery. The short answer is, no one knows. When you are in the area, you should definitely pay a visit to Irazu, otherwise known as El Coloso. If you lucky, you might even spot a sloth! A lot of the artifacts found when excavating, such as the stones and petroglyphs, represented animals such as jaguars and lizards. [3], The current state of the structure is in good shape. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Monument Nacional Guayabo; Tipus: Protected area of Costa Rica (en) i jaciment arqueològic: Ubicació; Entitat territorial administrativa: Turrialba Canton (Costa Rica) (en) i Província de Cartago (Costa Rica) The only remains of this once great city are circular mounds, cobblestoned pavements and evidence of highly refined aqueducts. Guayabo National Monument (Spanish: Monumento Nacional Guayabo), is located near the city of Turrialba, within the Central Conservation Area in the Cartago Province, Costa Rica. In 2009, Guayabo was declared an "International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark" by the American Society of Civil Engineers because of its roads, walls and water channels represent remarkable civil engineering achievements by pre-Columbian civilization. [7], "Guayabo" redirects here. After that, you can roam the lower regions of the site where you can get a closer look at the ancient source that is still providing water and the mounds that formed the base for the huts.
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